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Original Article

ASSESSMENT OF MANAS PRAKRUTI WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THEIR VULNERABILITY OF STRESS AND HEALTH STATUS IN IT PROFESSIONALS

 Rashi Sharma1, Nitin Sharma2

1Ph.D scholar,B.V.D.U.,Pune,2.Lecturer,SRM,Govt,Ayu,College,Bareilly

 

Abstract

Background:Ayurveda is the divine science of life.In Ayurveda,two types of prakruti(temperament) :sharir and manas are described.Manas prakruti comprises of satva,rajas and tamas pradhan prakruti.In previous researches,statistically it was proved that satva pradhan prakruti people are least vulnerable to stress.

Aim: Assessment of manas prakruti with special reference to their vulnerability to stress and health status in IT professionals.

Methodology: The literary work was done with the help of ancient Ayurveda texts as well as modern literature in connection with Manas prakruti and Stress.for this purpose 80 individuals taken from barely, age group were 24-40 years. Assessment of manas gunas & doshas was done in the morning using Standard manas prakruti questionnaire. Assessment of stress was done with the help of stress management scale before oral presentations to avoid bias. Percentage of manas gunas &doshas of individuals were assessed with the help of ‘Standard manas prakruti questionnaire’---which is objective and approved by C-DAC GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. Stress was calculated using a standard, reliable, authentic stress management scale from Guidance Associates of Pennsylvania. Assessment of health was done using standard, reliable. Authentic Healthy-Lifestyle Questionnaire. Comparison of all was done and subjected to statistical analysis

Result: By using Mann Whitney U test p-value <0.05,therefore there is significant difference between stress levels with respect to rajas%. Health status, manas prakruti and stress correlation value was significant. Statistically, it was proved that rajas pradhan prakruti people were unhealthy and most vulnerable to stress, tamas pradhan prakruti people were healthy& more vulnerable to stress and satva pradhan prakruti people were very healthy least vulnerable to stress.

Conclusion:.Here,is an attempt to find out stress in IT professionals and there health status using standard,reliable tools.

Keywords::Stress,Manas prakruti,manas gunas.

Introduction

Manas prakruti comprises of satva,rajas and tamas.Rajas and tamas are considered as two doshas of manas(mind).1According to acharya charak ,one who indulges in activities which are beyond ones performing capacity,puts too much strain on oneself in excess perishes like a lion trying to drag an elephant.i.e.,putting too much of stress on a system leads to disastrous effects on the Stress².Stress is a condition which involves  increased demands of physical and mental energy³.In the present fast paced life, stress and strain are increasing day by day contributing to various lifestyle disorders4.

Aim

Assessment of manas prakruti with special reference to their vulnerability to stress and health status in IT professionals.

Objectives

This study was undertaken to find a correlation between manas prakruti and their vulnerability to stress and health status, with the help of standard manas prakruti parikshana proforma and stress management scale and healthy-lifestyle questionnaire.Now days it is important to study and add modern parameters in Ayurveda. So an attempt was made to study the correlation between manas prakruti, stress and health status.

Methodology

80 (IT professionals) random sampling have been taken for the study at barely, age group were24-40 years. Firsts scrutinized the subject then given profarma and questioner then collect the data individuly The literary work was done with the help of ancient Ayurveda texts as well as modern literature in connection with Manas prakruti and Stress.standard manas prakruti proforma derived from Ayusoft C-DAC.Stress was calculated using a standard, reliable, authentic stress management scale from Guidance Associate of Pennsylvania. Health assessment was done from standard, reliable,authentic Healthy-Lifestyle Questionnaire.

Assessment of manas gunas & doshas was done in the morning using Standard manas prakruti questionnaire. Assessment of stress was done with the help of stress management scale before oral presentations to avoid bias. Percentage of manas gunas &doshas of individuals were assessed with the help of ‘Standard manas prakruti questionnaire’---which is objective and approved by C-DAC GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. Stress was calculated using a standard, reliable, authentic stress management scale from Guidance Associates of Pennsylvania. Assessment of health was done using standard, reliable. Authentic Healthy-Lifestyle Questionnaire. Comparison of all was done and subjected to statistical analysis.

Result: By using Mann Whitney U test p-value <0.05,therefore there is significant difference between stress levels with respect to rajas%. Health status, manas prakruti and stress correlation value was significant. Statistically, it was proved that rajas pradhan prakruti people were unhealthy and most vulnerable to stress, tamas pradhan prakruti people were healthy& more vulnerable to stress and satva pradhan prakruti people were very healthy least vulnerable to stress.

Stress Group Median

Sub group

No stress.   

Vulnerable to stress

p-value

Satva.    

73

20.5

0.698

Rajas.      

31.5

70

<0.001*

Tamas.     

30

40

0.066

Conclusion

This study shows that satva pradhan prakruti people were very healthy and least vulnerable to stress, rajas pradhan prakruti people were unhealthy, most vulnerable to stress while tamas pradhan prakruti were intermediate. Literary search suggests that enhancing satva guna and decreasing rajas and tamas doshas are essential to prevent ill-effects of stress.

References

1.        Pandit Pandey Kashinath,Dr Chaturvedi Gorakhnath,Charak samhita Sharir sthana,Vol1,I edition,Chaukhambha Bharati Academy,Varanasi.1998

2.        Acharya Shukla Vidyadhar,Prof.Tripathi Ravidutt,Charak samhita,sutra sthana,I.editionChaukhambha Sanskrit Pratishthan,Delhi,2004

3.        M.S Bhatia,A short text book of psychiatry,Iedition,Jaypee brothers publishers ltd,1999

4.        K.K.Pandey,Kriya sharir comprehensive human physiology,Krishnadas Academy,Varanasi,2000