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Effect of Emotional Abuse by Par

Effect of Emotional Abuse by Parents on Convent and Non Convent School Students

Samiksha Kaur1  Jai Singh Yadav2

1Psychologist SRLN Hospital,2Assistant Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry,

Abstract

Background

Emotional abuse /parental abuse is commonly defined as systematic attacks on a child's emotional well-being and sense of self-worth. It is based on power and control and often accompanies other forms of abuse. The American Medical Association AMA describes Emotional Abuse as: "when a child is regularly threatened, yelled at, humiliated, ignored, blamed or otherwise emotionally mistreated. For example, making fun of a child, calling a child names, and always finding fault are forms of emotional abuse." Emotional abuse is the most challenging form of child maltreatment to identify and stop. Since it is difficult to detect, assess and substantiate, many cases go unreported. Yet, emotional abuse leaves deep, hidden scars in children that can impede their intellectual, social and emotional development. Educators need to be informed about emotional abuse and steps need to be taken if abuse is suspected.

Aim-Convent subjects have higher emotional and mental health problem than non convent subjects

Methodology- 220onvent and non convent school boys and girls matched for age, sex, and socioeconomic status were taken for the Varanasi.  Subjects were taken individually first, demographic details were written. Then apply the structured interview Proforma and Mental health questioner in both groups in same manner. The age group of was 14 to 18 years. The mean age of the subjects was 16 years.

Result- Emotional abuse in the convent students was significantly higher than in non convent students. The result of convent and non convents girls were less then equal. The mental health scale showed that convent girls and boys had higher anxiety and depressive symptoms than non convent boys and girls.

Conclusion-Present study explore emotional abuse by parents decreased the mental health of convent subjects than non convents subjects.

Key words-Parental abuse/emotional abuse, Mental health FFA (Free Floating Anxiety), OBS (Obsessive Trait and Symptoms), PHO (Phobic Anxiety) SOM (somatic Concomitant) DEP (depression)HYS(Hystiricaltraiandsymptoms)


Introduction

Child abuse is a state of emotional, physical, economical, and sexual maltreatment meted out to a person bellow the age of eighteen. It has serious physical and psychosocial consequences, that the effect or indirect health and Wally being of child. (child and women development 20071.

Know we discuss about the emotional abuse. As per definition ‘Emotional abuse is known as verbal abuse, mental abuse and psychological maltreatment. It includes acts or the failures to act by parents or caretakers that have serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional, trauma. This can include parents, caretakers using extreme and bizarre form of punishment.’ Emotional abuse may occur with or without physical abuse but this is after on overlap. In this words action and indifferences included.2 it can be identify because the words are left on the inside instead of the outside. Some time emotional abuse can be serious and long term problem.3 research studies conclude that psychopathologic symptoms are more likely to develop in emotional abused children, these children suffered long time depression, anxiety, low self esteem, post traumatic stress disorder and inappropriate relationship.4,5

American National Committee 1997 reported that 54 percents confirmed cases of abuse, physical abuse were 22 percent, sexual abuse 8 percent, emotional maltreatment 4 percents and other forms of maltreatments 12 percent 4. In another study UNICEF report explore the status of death in US, 1730 children died in 2008 due to factor related abuse.6 child abuse is also related with unemployment direct or indirect. Unemployment of parents create many type of financial problem, child labor, prostitution etc. few studies explain about the difficulties are associated with child abuse7

These factor with substance abuse study present two third of child maltreatment involved parents substance abued.8

So there are many causes for child maltreatment. Children who have a history of neglect ion or physical abuse developing psychiatric problem and diagnosed as a attachment problem.9,10,11 these disorganization develop the dissociative  symptoms anxiety, depression, post tramatic stress disorder 12,13 child abuse correlated  with alcohol and drug abuse/dependence, Conversion disorder 14 Dissociative Identity Disorder 15, Schizophrenia 16, Personality Disorders, specifically Borderline 17 and Antisocial Personality Disorder 18 and later conduct problems featured by higher levels of trait impulsivity, aggression, violence and delinquency 19,20 In another study found 80 percent children of abused and maltreated children have symptoms of disorganized attachment.(21)

The few study done in India. In the study 2007 government report explore the true picture of child abuse, were physical abused child have 69 percent. It was state wise 54.68 percent. These report the bases of 13 state of India. These data were increases when it was in a family situation 88.6 percent. It was also very much painful that every second a child facing emotional abuse. These percentages were equal for both girls and boys.

In the report 83 percent of the cases parents were the abusers, and 44.4 percents girl were wish to they were boys. These data were representing the status of child but in this field it is necessary to do more research. Our paper was based on parental abuse and who the effected students.

 

Aim

Effect of parental abuse on both convent and non convent school students.

 

Hypothesis

1. Convent girl and boys had higher emotional problem than non convent school.

2. Convent girl and boys had higher mental health problem than non convent school.        

              

Methodology

Sample- 240 (boys and girls) convent and non convent student had been taken various schools for the study. They were 11th and 12th standard. The age groups of student were 14-18 years. For this purpose age, sex, socioeconomic status was same. Data collection was done various school of Hindi and English medium.

 

Tools

Parental abuse checklist was used for the assessment of emotional problem. This check list was divided into six sub parts (rejection, isolation, humiliation, terrorizing, ignoring, and corrupting) with 30 questions. Afterthat mental health questioner (MHQ) was used. This questioner was Hindi adaptation by B K Bhatt and Dr O N Srivastava. The questioner was divided into six sub parts with 48 items. Each group has 8 items. This scale was reliable and valid. 

 

Procedure

The subjects were taken individually first, demographic detail was written, then apply the questioner of both group in the same manner. First apply the emotional checklist after the complete checklist applies the MHQ in both groups. After the complete questioner asked the student please check your booklet, if any student left or not understand the items then clear all that type of items. And give thanks for positive cooperation.

Results

Sex

Sex

Convent

Non Convent

Boys

60

60

Girls

60

60

  

Age

Age

Convent +Non Covent Boys

Convent +Non Convent Girls

14-15

30

20

15-16

20

40

16-17

50

50

17-18

20

20

 

Socioeconomic Status

Socioeconomic status

Convent +Non Convent Boys

Convent +Non Convent Girls

High

15+15

15+15

Middle

35+35

35+35

Low

10+10

10+10

 

Academic Performance

Percentage

Convent Boys

Non Convent Boys

Convent Girls

Non Convent Girls

70-80

15

02

16

02

60-70

30

13

35

09

50-60

15

45

09

51

 

Substance Abused by Parents

Parents

Convent Boys

Non Convent Boys

Convent Girls

Non Convent Girls

Single

15

25

20

18

Both

-

-

-

-

 

 

Emotional Abuse checklist Boys

Boys

Mean

SD

t

Hindi

35.39

14.3

2.25

English

45.72

25.75

5% significant

 

Emotional Abuse checklist Girls

Girls

Mean

SD

t

Hindi

29.36

19.31

.075

English

39.42

19.18

5% not significant

 

Mental Health Questioner

Sub Part of MHQ

Mean

SD

t

Boys

Girls

Boys

Girls

Boys

Girls

Convent

Non Convent

Convent

Non Convent

Convent

Non Convent

Convent

Non Convent

FFA

6.99

6.66

6.73

6.28

10.24

1.49

.6

.42

2.33**

3.42*

OBS

1.46

1.26

1.65

2.17

5.27

1.00

1.26

1.50

2.34**

1.96**

PHO

2.46

2.45

2.8

1.96

1.59

1.61

1.70

1.47

2.90*

1.67**

SOM

2.05

2.10

3.95

3.2

1.92

1.30

1.25

2.16

1.53**

2.32**

DEP

8.26

5.86

8.03

4.31

3.19

1.03

.90

10.3

3.95*

3.93*

HYS

4.41

5.38

4.15

4.28

1.60

2.99

2.67

3.09

2.65*

2.96*

*significant differences, ** not significant 5%

The result was shows that convent boys have higher emotional problem then non convent boys whereas girls were less then equal. On the mental health questioner it was found on these sub group anxiety, depression, phobia were high in Covent subjects whereas obssesional, hysterical, and somatic symptoms were high in non vent subjects. Data were so that non convent boys father were use substance abuse then Covent family it was just change in the data of girls.

Discussion

Child abuse is violation of the basic human write of child. It’s out come related to familial, social, economical, and psychological. Psychological / emotional maltreatment of children is the most complex types of abuse. It is also an international agenda. It was done by many time lake of awareness of parents.

Report of WHO 2002, 20 percent to 65 percents school going children reported verbal or physically bullied in school in previous 30 days. It is very much difficult to get responses from children on such sensitive subject because of their inability to fully understand the different dimensions to talk their about experience.

Emotional abuse included the failure to provide a developmentally appropriate supportive environment including the availability of primary attachment figure, so that the child can develop a stable and full rang of emotional and social competencies commensurate with her or his personal potentials and in the contact of the society in which the child health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development. This must control of the parent or person in a relationship of responsibility, trust or power. Abused children display many behavioral problems because they understand the world as being unpredictable and painful and that the adults who care for them are angry, impatient, depressed, and distant. Due to the abuse, children and adults may develop a pattern of denying or limiting certain emotional responses and expressing only those with which they are most familiar, aggression and hostility so as to get what they want. Furthermore22 children face the some type of verbal or physical hostility or passive compliance to resolve the problem or to meet their unmet needs, avoid feelings of helplessness and anxiety and aggressiveness.

In study of UN reports out of 441all of 513 faced emotional abuse, shouted 20.1%, cursed/ verbally abused 11.1%, threatened 1.9%, locked room1.2%, comprehensive with other children 1.2%, blamed .4%. These psychological symptoms found less then equal in both girls and boys it was 50.1% and 49.99%. Our study based on school going convent and non convent students, there was significant differences in convent boys and non convent boys. Boys have higher mental health problem and also psychological problem, similar result were found child and women development in India at Andhra Pradesh but the result were reverse in Gujarat it was (30.20% boys and 69.74 girls). In a report 5-12 years category have higher emotional problem then others.1 it was 33.02% in the age of 14-18 years. But our study based on the age group 14 to 18 years. In our study we found higher emotional problem in 16 to 17 age groups.

Emotional abuse also decreases the academic performance, higher group represent the 50 -60% of result. Few study supported the our study they were reported that neglect and psychological abuse could also have adverse effects of children’s well being and neglected children were found lowest level of academic performance then other children23,24  WHO project reports that male have higher emotional problem then females. Its found 10 out of 13 state reported higher percentage of male then female. Emotionally abusive family environment and the interaction of an emotionally abusive family environment resulted in the decrease in mental health scores.25 Present paper shows that convent boys and girls have higher mental health problem then non convent school students. Hysterical and obsessional symptoms was shown non convent both boys and girls. Phobic, somatic problem, depression was shown in convent girls and boys in equal manner. It was sported by these studies conclude that having a history of child abuse has been associated with poor mental health, and 26 the relationship between all type of child abuse like (physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing of maternal battering) furthermore adult mental health found that lower mental health scores were associated with higher numbers of who has child abuse history. Emotional and physical abuse also develop such type of problem, stealing, low self-esteem, emotional maladjustment, dependency, underachievement, depression, aggression, learning disorders, homicide, and suicide 27, as well as to psychological distress later in life 28 Consistently overall, these studies indicate that abused children even during infancy often display more aggressive and problematic behaviors than non abused or non neglected children29,30,31

Conclusion

Healthy family environment is necessary for global aspect of child, without parental support it could not possible. Our study supports the effect of emotional abuse on child. In this study we found that emotional abuse decreases the mental health and performance level and social level.

Limitation

The data were done on the small group it is quit necessary to do more study for detail and large scale.

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