Child abuse is a state of emotional, physical, economical, and sexual
maltreatment meted out to a person bellow the age of eighteen. It has serious
physical and psychosocial consequences, that the effect or indirect health and
Wally being of child. (child and women development 20071.
Know we discuss about the emotional abuse. As per definition ‘Emotional
abuse is known as verbal abuse, mental abuse and psychological maltreatment. It
includes acts or the failures to act by parents or caretakers that have serious
behavioral, cognitive, emotional, trauma. This can include parents, caretakers
using extreme and bizarre form of punishment.’ Emotional abuse may occur with or
without physical abuse but this is after on overlap. In this words action and
indifferences included.2 it can be identify because the words are
left on the inside instead of the outside. Some time emotional abuse can be
serious and long term problem.3 research studies conclude that
psychopathologic symptoms are more likely to develop in emotional abused
children, these children suffered long time depression, anxiety, low self
esteem, post traumatic stress disorder and inappropriate relationship.4,5
American National Committee 1997 reported that 54 percents confirmed
cases of abuse, physical abuse were 22 percent, sexual abuse 8 percent,
emotional maltreatment 4 percents and other forms of maltreatments 12 percent
4. In another study UNICEF report explore the status of death in US, 1730
children died in 2008 due to factor related abuse.6 child abuse is
also related with unemployment direct or indirect. Unemployment of parents
create many type of financial problem, child labor, prostitution etc. few
studies explain about the difficulties are associated with child abuse7
These factor with substance abuse study present two third of child
maltreatment involved parents substance abued.8
So there are many causes for child maltreatment. Children who have a
history of neglect ion or physical abuse developing psychiatric problem and
diagnosed as a attachment problem.9,10,11 these disorganization
develop the dissociative symptoms anxiety, depression, post tramatic
stress disorder 12,13 child abuse correlated with alcohol and
drug abuse/dependence, Conversion disorder 14 Dissociative Identity
Disorder 15, Schizophrenia 16, Personality Disorders,
specifically Borderline 17 and Antisocial Personality Disorder
and later conduct problems featured by higher levels of trait impulsivity,
aggression, violence and delinquency 19,20 In another study found 80
percent children of abused and maltreated children have symptoms of disorganized
The few study done in India. In the study 2007 government report explore
the true picture of child abuse, were physical abused child have 69 percent. It
was state wise 54.68 percent. These report the bases of 13 state of India. These
data were increases when it was in a family situation 88.6 percent. It was also
very much painful that every second a child facing emotional abuse. These
percentages were equal for both girls and boys.
In the report 83 percent of the cases parents were the abusers, and 44.4
percents girl were wish to they were boys. These data were representing the
status of child but in this field it is necessary to do more research. Our paper
was based on parental abuse and who the effected students.
Effect of parental abuse on both convent and non convent school students.
1. Convent girl and boys had higher emotional problem than non convent
2. Convent girl and boys had higher mental health problem than non
Sample- 240 (boys and girls) convent and non convent student had been
taken various schools for the study. They were 11th and 12th
standard. The age groups of student were 14-18 years. For this purpose age, sex,
socioeconomic status was same. Data collection was done various school of Hindi
and English medium.
Parental abuse checklist was used for the assessment of emotional
problem. This check list was divided into six sub parts (rejection, isolation,
humiliation, terrorizing, ignoring, and corrupting) with 30 questions. Afterthat
mental health questioner (MHQ) was used. This questioner was Hindi adaptation by
B K Bhatt and Dr O N Srivastava. The questioner was divided into six sub parts
with 48 items. Each group has 8 items. This scale was reliable and valid.
The subjects were taken individually first, demographic detail was
written, then apply the questioner of both group in the same manner. First apply
the emotional checklist after the complete checklist applies the MHQ in both
groups. After the complete questioner asked the student please check your
booklet, if any student left or not understand the items then clear all that
type of items. And give thanks for positive cooperation.
The result was shows that convent boys have higher emotional problem then
non convent boys whereas girls were less then equal. On the mental health
questioner it was found on these sub group anxiety, depression, phobia were high
in Covent subjects whereas obssesional, hysterical, and somatic symptoms were
high in non vent subjects. Data were so that non convent boys father were use
substance abuse then Covent family it was just change in the data of girls.
Child abuse is violation of the basic human write of child. It’s out come
related to familial, social, economical, and psychological. Psychological /
emotional maltreatment of children is the most complex types of abuse. It is
also an international agenda. It was done by many time lake of awareness of
Report of WHO 2002, 20 percent to 65 percents school going children
reported verbal or physically bullied in school in previous 30 days. It is very
much difficult to get responses from children on such sensitive subject because
of their inability to fully understand the different dimensions to talk their
Emotional abuse included the failure to provide a developmentally
appropriate supportive environment including the availability of primary
attachment figure, so that the child can develop a stable and full rang of
emotional and social competencies commensurate with her or his personal
potentials and in the contact of the society in which the child health or
physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development. This must control of
the parent or person in a relationship of responsibility, trust or power. Abused
children display many behavioral problems because they understand the world as
being unpredictable and painful and that the adults who care for them are angry,
impatient, depressed, and distant. Due to the abuse, children and adults may
develop a pattern of denying or limiting certain emotional responses and
expressing only those with which they are most familiar, aggression and
hostility so as to get what they want. Furthermore22 children face
the some type of verbal or physical hostility or passive compliance to resolve
the problem or to meet their unmet needs, avoid feelings of helplessness and
anxiety and aggressiveness.
In study of UN reports out of 441all of 513 faced emotional abuse,
shouted 20.1%, cursed/ verbally abused 11.1%, threatened 1.9%, locked room1.2%,
comprehensive with other children 1.2%, blamed .4%. These psychological symptoms
found less then equal in both girls and boys it was 50.1% and 49.99%. Our study
based on school going convent and non convent students, there was significant
differences in convent boys and non convent boys. Boys have higher mental health
problem and also psychological problem, similar result were found child and
women development in India at Andhra Pradesh but the result were reverse in
Gujarat it was (30.20% boys and 69.74 girls). In a report 5-12 years category
have higher emotional problem then others.1 it was 33.02% in the age
of 14-18 years. But our study based on the age group 14 to 18 years. In our
study we found higher emotional problem in 16 to 17 age groups.
Emotional abuse also decreases the academic performance, higher group
represent the 50 -60% of result. Few study supported the our study they were
reported that neglect and psychological abuse could also have adverse effects of
children’s well being and neglected children were found lowest level of academic
performance then other children23,24 WHO project reports that
male have higher emotional problem then females. Its found 10 out of 13 state
reported higher percentage of male then female. Emotionally abusive family
environment and the interaction of an emotionally abusive family environment
resulted in the decrease in mental health scores.25
Present paper shows that convent boys and girls have higher mental health
problem then non convent school students. Hysterical and obsessional symptoms
was shown non convent both boys and girls. Phobic, somatic problem, depression
was shown in convent girls and boys in equal manner. It was sported by these
studies conclude that having a history of child abuse has been associated with
poor mental health, and 26 the relationship between all type of child
abuse like (physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing of maternal battering)
furthermore adult mental health found that lower mental health scores were
associated with higher numbers of who has child abuse history. Emotional and
physical abuse also develop such type of problem, stealing, low self-esteem,
emotional maladjustment, dependency, underachievement, depression, aggression,
learning disorders, homicide, and suicide 27, as well as to
psychological distress later in life 28 Consistently overall, these
studies indicate that abused children even during infancy often display more
aggressive and problematic behaviors than non abused or non neglected children29,30,31
Healthy family environment is necessary for global aspect of child,
without parental support it could not possible. Our study supports the effect of
emotional abuse on child. In this study we found that emotional abuse decreases
the mental health and performance level and social level.
The data were done on the small group it is quit necessary to do more
study for detail and large scale.
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