“FISH”: AN AGENT OF FAMILY MENTAL HEALTH
1 President, Academy of wellbeing society, Former Dean,
Director, UGC Center for Women studies & Head, Dept of Psychology, UCSSH,
Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur (Rajasthan)
2Guest Faculty, Dept. of Psychology, UCSSH, Mohanlal Sukhadia
University, Udaipur (Rajasthan
Background:The Family is a sound basis of emotional
relationships especially when the child takes the shape in the womb of mother
and this journey continues from womb to tomb. Parenting acts as a pillar during
the different developmental stages. The nature of parent child relationship
shifts dramatically across the life span. Parent’s priority radically shifts
across this span of time.
Aim- The aim of the present study was to develop a wellbeing module for the
better parent adolescent relationship.
Methodology: A study was conducted on the 120 adolescent respondents in
the locale of Udaipur
district of Rajasthan and then a wellbeing module FISH was developed the module
was executed over a sample of 5 and the
data was analysed using pre post experimental design. The difference was found
significant at .05 and .01 levels on the five variables under study namely
parental involvement, mental health, self concept, emotional expression and
Result:-The module is designed in the four step procedure.
Step-1FOCUS, step-2 INSIGHT, step-3 SHARE and step-4 HAPPY Results indicated that the wellbeing module
FISH is a effective target intervention for the enhancement of parent adolescents
Conclusion: In the present era of moderanization, consumerism and
urbanization the face of the ancient family is changing at very fast rate.The
new era take the women out of the house for earning the financial stability for
the family at such situation the adolescents specially in the nuclear family
system lacks in parental involvement which leads to distubed emotional
expression, low self esteem, and counselling needs. The present module FISH
serves this demands and work as a precipitator of wellbeing among the Parent
Keywords: Family, Wellbeing, Adolescent, Parental Involvement, Mental
Health, Self Concept,Emotional Expression & Counselling Needs
Parenting style predicts adolescents’ well-being in the
domains of social competence, academic performance, psychosocial development
and adjustment behavior. During the
process of parenting the parents learn that the caring to their offspring’s
behavior patterns at different stages is different. In early stages of
development the parents give space to develop the psychomotor abilities that
reflects and exhibits in the later stage i.e. the adolescence. During
adolescence, a major challenge of parenting is to establish a more equal
relationship with the teenager and letting go of older forms of behavior
patterns. Thus parents and children influence each other in a numerous ways
over the years.
According to the FISH model the parent and their adolescent
both has to focus their insight for proper sharing and caring of each other.
This provides happiness in interpersonal relationships for their future
behavior endurances 1
Wellbeing Model FISH The wellbeing model has four major
steps. There is a wellbeing path which is being denoted as WP in the model. It
is a self administrative model for the adolescent. The different steps of the
model are as follows and enter first step and after four step it is continue.
Step-1 FOCUS COGNITIVELY Erikson
1969 8 has explained adolescence as the age of identity crisis v/s
role confusion in his classification of eight ages of man. The first step of solving the problem among
parent and adolescent is to FOCUS COGNITIVELY on the present state of the relation.
in the first step:
Step-2 INSIGHT This is the second step which helps
to develop new vision for parent- adolescent relationship. The first step of
the model lefts the adolescent with so many questions in mind. The adolescent’s
start’s thinking whether his/her way of conduction towards his/her parents’ is
correct or not. Through experience
outside the family, they learn that the rules which they were taught as
absolute are in fact realistic.
Step-3 SHARE Sharing and caring is a most
necessary part of all the intimate relationships. Adolescent always have the
notion that he is different and no one can understand his problems because they
are suffering from identity crisis. Adolescent shares their problems with peer
group but hesitates to share their problems with the family members. This step
initiates the sharing with the members of the family.
Aim To develop a wellbeing module of
FISH and to execute the same.
Methodology A sample of
120 adolescent respondents including 60 males and 60 female in the age range of
16-19 years were selected through purposive random sampling. Various variables that could have an impact on the study
like socio- economic status, educational level of parents, working status of
mothers, inhabitance were controlled.
Adolescents from different types of family i.e. Joint family and Nuclear
family structure with working mothers were selected for the purpose of the
study. The sample was studied over five variables namely parental
involvement, mental health, counseling needs, self concept and emotional
expression. Tests used were The parental
involvement scale developed .3 Mental
Health Inventory developed.4 Psychological Counseling need scale developed.5
Self concept questionnaire developed.6 and Emotional expression scale
developed7,8 The raw data was statistically analyzed. On the basis of the
findings the following model was formulated.
Results The present model is prepared to
suggest a therapeutic intervention for those adolescents who are suffering from
ill mental health, weak self concept, less parental involvement and lack of
emotional expression. This model is also helpful to meet the counseling needs
of the adolescents. The model was tried out over a sample of 5 cases where the
scores were improved in above variables in the time period of 4 weeks. The
Pre-Post design was used. The data are given in the following table-
RESULT TABLE SHOWING
THE t-VALUES OF PRE TEST AND POST TEST SCORES
Name of the Variable
Pre Test Scores
Post Test Scores
*Significant at 0.05 level **Significant at 0.01 level
Conclusion The result table indicate that the t value is significant on
.01 level for the values of parental involvement, counseling needs and self
concept and the value of emotional expression is significant on .05 level in
the pre post test design. On the
basis of the above result table it can be concluded that FISH MODEL
precipitates the sharing and caring among the parent adolescent relationship
and strengthen the bonding among the sufferers. Health, happiness and wellbeing
were found to be enhanced.
The model has limitations to use for greater sample study is
needed for the generalization. Your valuable suggestions are invited. It is an
effort towards family bonding for teenagers and to keep them away from negative
thoughts, weak emotions and poor performance. This model has tried to balance
Head (cognitions), Heart (emotions) and Action(performance). It is only
possible through healthy parenting from ‘Womb to Tomb’.
Chouhan V.L. & Sharma V. Psychological wellbeing and family : A
correlational Study. Indian Journal Of Psychology. (2013). Jan 2013. special
issue ISSN-0019-5553. Pg-31-35
Sharma V. 2013. A study of family as a precipitator of psychological
wellbeing of adolescents. Ph.D. Thesis. ML Sukhadia University, Udaipur (Raj)
Chouhan V.L. & Ganotra G. The Psychological Counselling Need Scale
(PCNS). (2008). National Psychological Corporation Of India,
Shrivastav A K. & Jagdish. Mental Health Inventory
(MHI).(1978) National Psychological Corporation, Agra, India.pg 1-6.
Chouhan V.L. & Ganotra G. The Parental Involvement Scale
(TPIS). (2008). National Psychological
Corporation Of India.
Saraswat R K Self Concept Questionnaire (SCQ) (1984) National Psychological Corporation, Agra, India.pg-1-3
Chouhan, V. L& Bhatnagar, Emotional Expression Scale (EES).
(2002). National Psychological
Corporation of India, Agra, India.pg 1-2
Erikson, E.H.Identity Youth and Crisis. (1968). New York; W.W. Norton pg- 23-38.