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WELLBEING MODEL “FISH”: AN AGENT OF FAMILY MENTAL HEALTH

WELLBEING MODEL “FISH”: AN AGENT OF FAMILY MENTAL HEALTH

Vijayalaxmi Chouhan1 Varsha Sharma2

1 President, Academy of wellbeing society, Former Dean, Director, UGC Center for Women studies & Head, Dept of Psychology, UCSSH, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur (Rajasthan)

2Guest Faculty, Dept. of Psychology, UCSSH, Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Udaipur (Rajasthan

 

Abstract

Background:The Family is a sound basis of emotional relationships especially when the child takes the shape in the womb of mother and this journey continues from womb to tomb. Parenting acts as a pillar during the different developmental stages. The nature of parent child relationship shifts dramatically across the life span. Parent’s priority radically shifts across this span of time.

Aim- The aim of the present study was to develop a wellbeing module for the better parent adolescent relationship.  

Methodology: A study was conducted on the 120 adolescent respondents in the locale of Udaipur district of Rajasthan and then a wellbeing module FISH was developed the module was executed over a sample of  5 and the data was analysed using pre post experimental design. The difference was found significant at .05 and .01 levels on the five variables under study namely parental involvement, mental health, self concept, emotional expression and counseling needs.  

Result:-The module is designed in the four step procedure. Step-1FOCUS, step-2 INSIGHT, step-3 SHARE and step-4 HAPPY  Results indicated that the wellbeing module FISH is a effective target intervention for the enhancement of parent adolescents relationship.

Conclusion: In the present era of moderanization, consumerism and urbanization the face of the ancient family is changing at very fast rate.The new era take the women out of the house for earning the financial stability for the family at such situation the adolescents specially in the nuclear family system lacks in parental involvement which leads to distubed emotional expression, low self esteem, and counselling needs. The present module FISH serves this demands and work as a precipitator of wellbeing among the Parent Adolescent Relationship. 

Keywords: Family, Wellbeing, Adolescent, Parental Involvement, Mental Health, Self Concept,Emotional Expression & Counselling Needs

Introduction

Parenting style predicts adolescents’ well-being in the domains of social competence, academic performance, psychosocial development and adjustment behavior.  During the process of parenting the parents learn that the caring to their offspring’s behavior patterns at different stages is different. In early stages of development the parents give space to develop the psychomotor abilities that reflects and exhibits in the later stage i.e. the adolescence. During adolescence, a major challenge of parenting is to establish a more equal relationship with the teenager and letting go of older forms of behavior patterns. Thus parents and children influence each other in a numerous ways over the years.

According to the FISH model the parent and their adolescent both has to focus their insight for proper sharing and caring of each other. This provides happiness in interpersonal relationships for their future behavior endurances 1

Wellbeing Model FISH The wellbeing model has four major steps. There is a wellbeing path which is being denoted as WP in the model. It is a self administrative model for the adolescent. The different steps of the model are as follows and enter first step and after four step it is continue.

Step-1 FOCUS COGNITIVELY Erikson 1969 8 has explained adolescence as the age of identity crisis v/s role confusion in his classification of eight ages of man.  The first step of solving the problem among parent and adolescent is to FOCUS COGNITIVELY on the present state of the relation. in the first step:

F - Focus cognitively

O - Observe Analytically

C - Communicate Effectively

U - Uniform Logical Analysis

S - Sensitising Problem

Step-2 INSIGHT This is the second step which helps to develop new vision for parent- adolescent relationship. The first step of the model lefts the adolescent with so many questions in mind. The adolescent’s start’s thinking whether his/her way of conduction towards his/her parents’ is correct or not.  Through experience outside the family, they learn that the rules which they were taught as absolute are in fact realistic.

I   -   Inner Potentials

N  -   New Vision

S -   Search

I   -   Innovating Ideas                            

G -   Gestation Period

H  -   Hierarchical Analysis

T  -   Tracking Out Solutions

Step-3 SHARE Sharing and caring is a most necessary part of all the intimate relationships. Adolescent always have the notion that he is different and no one can understand his problems because they are suffering from identity crisis. Adolescent shares their problems with peer group but hesitates to share their problems with the family members. This step initiates the sharing with the members of the family.

S  -   Synergy Sense

H  -   Holistic Interpretation

A -   Admire

R  -   Rebonding Relations

E  -   Effective Soothing

Step-4 HAPPY By entering in the steps of the model the adolescent will come to know the different aspects of their relationships with their parents. The wellbeing path will lead the relationship at the step 4 of feeling Happy. When the adolescent will follow the wellbeing path they will have the heartfelt reunion with parents.

H  -   Heartfelt Reunion with Parents

A  -   Appropriate Adolescent Caring

P -   Positive Attitude Towards Life

P  -   Perceptual Reorganisation

Y  -   Yardstick of Wellbeing

Aim To develop a wellbeing module of FISH and to execute the same.

Methodology A sample of 120 adolescent respondents including 60 males and 60 female in the age range of 16-19 years were selected through purposive random sampling. Various variables that could have an impact on the study like socio- economic status, educational level of parents, working status of mothers, inhabitance were controlled.  Adolescents from different types of family i.e. Joint family and Nuclear family structure with working mothers were selected for the purpose of the study. The sample was studied over five variables namely parental involvement, mental health, counseling needs, self concept and emotional expression. Tests used were  The parental involvement scale developed .3 Mental Health Inventory developed.4 Psychological Counseling need scale developed.5  Self concept questionnaire developed.6 and Emotional expression scale developed7,8 The raw data was statistically analyzed. On the basis of the findings the following model was formulated.

 

                                                                                                                   

 


WP-WELLBEING PATH

Results The present model is prepared to suggest a therapeutic intervention for those adolescents who are suffering from ill mental health, weak self concept, less parental involvement and lack of emotional expression. This model is also helpful to meet the counseling needs of the adolescents. The model was tried out over a sample of 5 cases where the scores were improved in above variables in the time period of 4 weeks. The Pre-Post design was used. The data are given in the following table-

RESULT TABLE SHOWING THE t-VALUES OF PRE TEST AND POST TEST SCORES

S.No.

Name of the Variable

Pre Test Scores

 

THEREPUTIC INTERVENTION

Post Test Scores

t -value

1

Parental Involvement

M=62

SD=2.23

N=5

M=78.4

SD=0.24

N=5

3.85**

2

Mental Health

M=130

SD=8.22

N=5

M=145.2

SD=10.93

N=5

2.23

3

Counseling Needs

M=82.2

SD=7.35

N=5

M=62

SD=5.09

N=5

4.49**

4

Self Concept

M=96.4

SD=2.23

N=5

M=157.2

SD=18.94

N=5

 

6.37**

5

Emotional Expression

M=8.2

SD=1.72

N=5

M=12

SD=2.6

N=5

2.45*

*Significant at 0.05 level   **Significant at 0.01 level

Conclusion The result table indicate that the t value is significant on .01 level for the values of parental involvement, counseling needs and self concept and the value of emotional expression is significant on .05 level in the pre post test design. On the basis of the above result table it can be concluded that FISH MODEL precipitates the sharing and caring among the parent adolescent relationship and strengthen the bonding among the sufferers. Health, happiness and wellbeing were found to be enhanced.

The model has limitations to use for greater sample study is needed for the generalization. Your valuable suggestions are invited. It is an effort towards family bonding for teenagers and to keep them away from negative thoughts, weak emotions and poor performance. This model has tried to balance Head (cognitions), Heart (emotions) and Action(performance). It is only possible through healthy parenting from ‘Womb to Tomb’.  

References

1.        Chouhan V.L. & Sharma V. Psychological wellbeing and family : A correlational Study. Indian Journal Of Psychology. (2013). Jan 2013. special issue ISSN-0019-5553. Pg-31-35

2.        Sharma V. 2013. A study of family as a precipitator of psychological wellbeing of adolescents. Ph.D. Thesis. ML Sukhadia University, Udaipur (Raj) 

3.        Chouhan V.L. & Ganotra G. The Psychological Counselling Need Scale (PCNS). (2008). National Psychological Corporation Of  India, Agra, India.pg-1-4

4.        Shrivastav A K. & Jagdish. Mental Health Inventory (MHI).(1978) National Psychological Corporation, Agra, India.pg 1-6.

5.        Chouhan V.L. & Ganotra G. The Parental Involvement Scale (TPIS). (2008).  National Psychological Corporation Of India. Agra, India.pg 1-3

6.        Saraswat R K Self Concept Questionnaire (SCQ) (1984)  National Psychological Corporation, Agra, India.pg-1-3

7.        Chouhan, V. L& Bhatnagar, Emotional Expression Scale (EES). (2002).  National Psychological Corporation of India, Agra, India.pg 1-2

8.        Erikson, E.H.Identity Youth and Crisis. (1968). New York; W.W. Norton pg- 23-38.