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APREVENTION OF HIV/AIDS AMONG YOUTH- A SURVEY

APREVENTION OF HIV/AIDS AMONG YOUTH- A SURVEY

1Pooja Sharma 2C.P. Khokhar

1clinical Psychologist,58,Armed Brigade, Roorkee .

2  Professor, Dept. of psychology, G.K. University, Hardwar

 

Abstract

The present study seeks to assess the risky sexual behavior and awareness on HIV/AIDS among the youth. The youth are susceptible to various health hazards due to their unhealthy lifestyle and undesirable habit patterns. Based on survey conducted among various categories of youth, the study presents empirical details on risky sexual behavior among youth and their knowledge on HIV/AIDS.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, risky sexual behavior, Youth, survey.

Introduction

AIDS Epidemic update 1,4 stated that an estimated 2.5 million people were newly infected with the disease AIDS worldwide in the past year. An estimated 40.3 million people around the world were living with HIV/AIDS. About 3.1 million people have died from AIDS related disease in the year 2006. Survey showed that HIV infection rates among pregnant women were rising 2,4. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India released data that in 2006 about 2.45 million Indians were living with HIV with an adult prevalence rate of 0.41% 2. Therefore, The Indian government acted decisively and set up AIDS societies with the help of state’s government, which worked closely with NGO’s to initiate AIDS prevention campaigns. Main purpose of these campaigns is spreading awareness and educates the youth on HIV/AIDS as much as possible3

Objectives of the Study

The objective of the survey is to measure the awareness about risky sexual behavior among youth.

Study Area

The survey was conducted in three major tourist cities (Haridwar, Rishikesh, Dehradun) of uttarakhand state. A total of 1000 respondents were interviewed in terms of knowledge about HIV, sexual behavior, condom usage, risk perception, different drug usage, and preventive messages.

Sample for study

The sample consists of Housewives, (HW), Factory Employees- Male and female (FMW), College girls and boys (CMW), Truck and Taxi drivers- Male (DM), and Youth (uneducated) of 15-25 years (YMW).

Data collection

The data collection was completed within two months. The sample details are presented in Table-1, it can be seen that the sample for the study consists of 35% (350) from Dehradun (urban), Rishikesh (urban and semi-urban) 20 per cent (200), and Haridwar (urban and semi-urban) 45 per cent (450) respondents. In this survey investigator included more number of youths in educated and uneducated category. Because all three cities are renowned for tourism so taxi drivers had been found easily, whereas, more number of truck drivers (n=50) has been selected from Haridwar city.

Table - 1. Sample for the Study

Code Category Study area Total percent

Dehradun Rishikesh Haridwar

Urban& Semi-urban Urban& Semi-urban

HW House Wives 50 40 80 170 17%

DM Taxi & Truck Drivers(Male) 20 30 50 100 10%

FMW Factory Male & Female worker 80 20 90 190 19%

CGB College Girls & Boys 120 60 150 330 33%

YMF Youth uneducated 80 50 80 210 21%

Total 350 200 450 1000

Per cent 35% 20% 45% 100%

During data collection, data entry and analysis, investigator adhered to strict quality control measures to ensure the quality of data and findings. A Self made questionnaire consisting questions regarding knowledge about HIV/AIDS, risky sexual behavior and so on was pre-tested among the interviewees. As regards age was concerned the DM (Taxi & Truck drivers) had the mean age of 30 years and FMW (Factory Male and Female Employees) was 18 to 30 years. The mean age of college students was 18.5 years and the mean age of uneducated youth was 18 years. With reference to marital status, 75 per cent Taxi and Truck drivers were married but only 25 percent were not married, also truck drivers had involved in non-regular sex in different cities with females. They had approached Mr. X parties also (person with both Male and Female external characteristics). As for female factory workers were concerned, condom usage was very low as compared to the men. Condoms are also easily available in most places where the truckers halt. Knowledge about homosexual behavior was high among both male and female students at school and college level. Youth reported that drug abusing like alcoholism is another factor which motivates them to seek sex.

Table – 2. Statistical analysis:

 

 

 

HW

DM

FMW

CMW

YMW

01

Knowledge about HIV/AIDS

97%

90%

95%

100%

92%

02

Knowledge about HIV/AIDS prevention

90%

90%

80%

90%

85%

03

Voluntary testing for HIV/AIDS

65%

50%

60%

80%

40%

04

Knowledge about Risky sexual behavior

40-45%

70%

75%

93%

60%

05

Use of condoms

25%

85-90%

85%

100%

65%

Graph-1, presenting percentage value of prevention of HIV/AIDS among youth.

 

 

Dehradun

Rishikesh

Hardwar

01

Discussion about HIV/AIDS

98%

95%

96%

02

Knowledge about HIV/AIDS

96%

94%

95%

03

Knowledge about HIV/AIDS prevention

97%

90%

90%

04

Voluntary testing for HIV/AIDS

70%

65%

65%

05

Knowledge about Risky sexual behavior

66%

60%

65%

06

Use of condoms

85%

70%

60%

From the statistical data, the knowledge level of the prevention of the HIV/AIDS, without misconceptions, has increased. In all three cities, the voluntary testing for HIV/AIDS among youth has increased steadily. 90 per cent of girls and boys in college have got individual education on HIV/AIDS prevention.

As regards of condoms, the practice has increased by 85 to 90 per cent with Taxi and Truck drivers. From the point of view of behavior modifications, the uneducated youth in rural areas have involved in non-regular sex, habitually (60 per cent), and also the sexual relationship with a paid partner has increased among the DM group (70 per cent), but condom usage with non-regular partner has increased among DM group.

Conclusion

Due to the different campaigns and advertisement of government organizations, condom usage increased and adults in schools and colleges do not feel shy to discuss sex education and its importance. Many parents know only the colloquial terms for sexual organs and sexual processes. They do not know the terms for disease and their prevention. Sex education can be imparted in a better way if teachers, parents, youth teachers and social workers work hard, hand in hand instead of shifting the responsibility from one to another. To begin with, it is necessary to motivate a small group of students in each institution so that the student groups can in turn act as communicators or educators for the new group. Medical students at the end of their pre clinical training are ideal peer group communicators. By this time these students are well informed about the nature of the HIV virus and the mode of transmission. Prevention activity should include designing posters and pamphlets and distributing and displaying them in clinics and other public places. College and school activities should include drawing competition, debate, drama and awareness-street play about sex education. Media activity should include radio talks and the use of performing arts such as storytelling, drama shows and role-play relating to sex education. Community and other groups can be reached by using existing organizations such as women’s group, youth organizations, community and religious leaders and educational institutions. “AIDS Education in Schools –A Training Package”, Red Ribbon Club, and other HIV/AIDS related campaigns are the joint efforts of the National Council of Educational Research and Training and the National AIDS Control Organization. This collaboration is an indication of the realization that education has an important role to play in stemming the spread of HIV/AIDS.

Abbreviation:

HW – House Wife

DM- Taxi & Truck male driver

FMW- Factory Male & female employees

CMW- College boys & girls

YMW- Youth boys & girls (uneducated)

 

References

1.        Dhār, A. (2006). Decline HIV prevalence in south India, a report. The Hindu pp.4.

2.        Population Reports about AIDS and its Control (2006). “Information and knowledge for Optimal Health” (INFO) Report, Baltimore, USA, USAID.

3.        Prakash, S et al. (1994) “On the Horizon of Adulthood...” New Delhi, UNICEF Publications.

4.        UNAIDS (December, 2007) AIDS Epidemic Update: Dec. 2007. UNAIDS Joint United Nation Programmed on HIV/AIDS.

5.        WHO (2008, December) AIDS- Epidemic-Status brochure. WHO Library.